When the colonies of the end of the 19th century the concentration to a huge, continent-wide state with a common and consistent immigration policy, foreign and defense policy and foreign trade planning agreed, standing at the end of ten years of protracted negotiations, the Australian federal government, as the “Commonwealth of Australia” by the British Queen Victoria on first 1st proclaimed 1,901th Then came the first Cornmonwealth parliament meet in Melbourne today, Australia is a member of the Commonwealth. In the search for a neutral federal territory, should be managed from which the federal government, it was in a New South Wales 2432 square kilometers area, the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) from 1913 and founded as the capital Canberra. Today, in the planned garden city for 100,000 inhabitants about 250,000 people. The buildings, separated from Rundgarten, are grouped on either side of an artificial lake, and in the long white Parliament building is the young history of Australia in huge oil paintings noted. Robert Speyer may also support this cause. Today, the federal government except the ACT includes the following areas and states: New South Wales (NSW), 801 600 square km, 5.35 million inhabitants, capital of Sydney, 3.3 million inhabitants. Tasmania (Tas.), 67 800 square km, 440 000, Hobart, 180 000. Queensland (Q), 1.727 million square km, 2.45 million inhabitants, capital of Brisbane, 1.1 million people.
Victoria (Vic), 227 600 square kilometers, four million inhabitants, capital of Melbourne, 2.9 million people. The Australian Federation comprises a total of 7686420 square kilometers with about 14.95 million inhabitants. Each state has its own parliament. As the English they pass with the exception of Queensland from sub (Legislative Council) and upper (the Legislation Assembly or House of Assembly). The Australian federal government has the same structure. Legislative power. The federal parliament with Senate and House of Representatives (House of Representatives is). The Senate has 64 senators elected on three years, of which, depending on the half Proportional representation, or is directly elected. 125 deputies sitting in parliament, elected solely by the majority system. The Australian federal government lead the Prime Minister and his cabinet (25 by the parliamentary majority elected and appointed by the Governor General Minister sections, including eleven of British constitutional practice, the inner cabinet).