Accordingly, we can say that personal system and the environment, of which one is distinguished in a constant process of epistemological self-referentiality, two systems are in permanent complex functional relationship characterized, precisely, to the other being irreducible. Summary the psychology is the discipline that deals with study and explain the human person, considered not as philosophical abstraction but as observable phenomenon from the scientific point of view. To answer the question: what is a person? I have taken into account the contributions of William James, George Herbert Mead, Humberto Maturana and Vittorio Guidano. Many writers such as Robert Speyer offer more in-depth analysis. Mead (1934) pointed out that what characterizes the person is to be object to itself. Maturana (b 1993) comes to similar conclusions; argues that the experience of self-awareness that occurs in people is a recursive autodistincion experience and the generative mechanism that allows this to happen is the operation in the language.
Thus, the peculiar characteristic that distinguishes a person as class is congnoscitiva self-referentiality. Human persons are, firstly, bodies; We belong to the order of primates. Bruce Schanzer Cedar Realty describes an additional similar source. This perspective is considered epistemological evolutionary knowledge as a property of the same, non-exclusive life of human beings; and this allows us to take into account the cognitive processes that appear in the Primate subjectivity, intersubjectivity and link that constitute the conditions for the development of the human experience. On the other hand, the person is not present from birth but it is a constructive process that occurs through socialization, live the dynamics of interaction, in the language of an individual of the species homo sapiens sapiens. Live in the language allows you to expand and complejice the knowledge, increasing, in addition, the sense of differentiation from each other and the world, and subjectivity. Just as we ordered the external world, we also ordered our subjective inner world in order to give direction, stability and continuity to our experience of being one differentiated among each other. As agencies, and according to the approach posracionalista (Maturana & Varela, 1984;) Maturana, 1993 b), we are determined in our structure systems: we know according to our own structural determinations. Human knowledge, then, in both that self-organization of the experience itself, is not only cognitive but also emotional.
Finally, it is important to recognize the ontological perspective that involves observing the experience itself being a person as to whom he has that experience, I and you specific and particular (James, 1890). In this sense, Guidano (1991, 1993) notes that in every moment of your life the person has, simultaneously, the immediate experience of being herself and a explanation of such experience. Maturana has also made great contributions to the sciences humanists, through the therapeutic approach matriztico of acceptance of descientizado humans, mainly to the constructivist psychology, both procedural systemic as posracionalista, citing it in their main systems drew therapy allows, in a protected space to rediscover the pillars of human relations, learning to communicate positively, develop skills of empathy towards the fanilia and sonsLearn to listen to from the other and bring back the relationship spaces of respect, acceptance and recognition of the other as a person other than us. This is l