Cosmic Background Explorer

Before this happened to a permutation, the universe would be opaque – the free electrons emitted light and would dispel it, just as water droplets scatter the sunlight in the clouds. But when free electrons are completely transformed into atoms, the universe is the hour is clear. The same photon, we can observe now, they glow – this is the relic izluchenie.Nobelevskaya award for NASA NASA conducted two studies of the CMB, making the images of the universe after 400 thousand years after its formation. The first of these studies have been conducted using the Cosmic Background Explorer (COBE). In 1992, the COBE team announced the discovery of initially cold and hot spots in the cosmic radiation. These points can be attributed to the gravitational field of the early universe. They form a vast sectors of galaxies that stretch hundreds of millions of light years throughout the universe.

In 2006, this work has brought to John Matera and George Smoot – nasovskim scientists from the University of California – Nobel Prize in physics. The next study the CMB was named Wilkinson Microware Anisotropy Probe (WMAP). The technical base has expanded significantly in comparison with the COBE team, and WMAP conducted a study of the entire sky, measuring the temperature difference between microwave radiation, which subtly spread throughout the universe. On the map sky hot regions are marked in red, cold – blue. Comparing these observations with theoretical models of the universe, scientists have concluded that the universe – "flat". That is, the geometry of space space corresponds to the Euclidean geometry (parallel lines do not intersect, the ratio of the circumference of the circle and its diameter corresponds to the number Pi, etc.).

San Bernardino

Wildfire in California is out of control in the south of California for several days in a row raging forest and grassland fires. In connection with the wide spread of fire, California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger has imposed emergency rule in the county of San Bernardino. Note that the victim district, just 200 miles from Los Angeles. To date, the authorities staff were evacuated from the area of disaster and thousands of people to the extent of the fire ready for new evacuations. There are the first victims of the disaster: more than a dozen people were taken to hospital with burns of varying degrees gravity. The fire destroyed the already more than 42 houses and 55 other buildings. Flames reached more than 40 thousand acres of land.

But the fires are raging not only in America, for example, in Russia (Krasnoyarsk Territory), there were several forest fires in therefore, on Friday in Kyzyl Shoigu held a working meeting '> with the Main Directorate of Ministry of Emergency Situations of Russia in Tuva and the government. It is planned to discuss the forest fire situation, to ensure safety on water bodies in the summer. Kamchatka Geyser Valley recovering Deputy Head of Rosprirodnadzor in Kamchatka Oblast and Koryak Autonomous District, Anatoly Matvienko said that after July 1, tourists will be able to see the Valley of Geysers in Kamchatka from a helicopter, while noting that there still walking impossible. While in the Kronotsky Nature Reserve, which is Valley of the Geysers, in effect. He declared at the annual nesting period of birds and there mating season of animals and ends in early July. After completing a month of travel will be available to Caldera Uzon, where There are more than thousands of hot springs, numerous boiling springs, steam-jets and even the thermal lake. Been there, tourists can take circled the Valley of Geysers, which is a great relief the degree of change after the disappearance of a powerful landslide of about 5 million cubic meters. As noted by Matvienko, in the most stable situation the Valley, many of the geysers are functioning.

In a unique natural park back birds and animals, Specifically, brown bears have left the valley after a natural disaster on June 3. I want a monkey! In the bags a passenger who flew to Odessa flight: "Aleppo-Odessa 'airport customs officers found a plastic cage with 4 monkeys, with 4 white flamingos. Just a few decades ago to keep the house cat or a dog riding was considered extravagant. Today, four-legged friend on the couch watching television is no surprise – it is rather rule than the exception. To shock the public opinion, we have something more extravagant start: an iguana, a tropical spider, fly the South African dog. The fashion for exotic animals come to us from America. The U.S. rush around so unusual pets broke about fifteen years ago. From there it spread to Western Europe and Japan, and now, apparently, reached and Ukraine. In Russia the market of exotic animals today not the same. Bird counters on empty. According to fund the conservation of biological diversity 'Zoo' turnover 'goods' on the Moscow market, Bird is around 100 monkeys, hundreds of reptiles, 200 Grey parrots a year. Star Russian traders hour exotic animals are 1994-1995. Then, largely because of the financial crisis of 1998, sales volume is strongly reduced. Global warming and cooling – what next?