East Germany

It did so largely, cities like Dresden, Leipzig, Rostock and Erfurt owe their present face such arduous and courageous initiatives. West German Grunderzeit villas were not so lucky, because, for example, the Westend was torn down almost completely, so that there was enough room for the expanding financial district. The West German capital was then more powerful than the East German Communist bureaucracy. Recovery of preservation since the 1970s may have had East Germany through the missing capital of luck in disguise, because old buildings could hardly cleaned up, they could not but be replaced also with glass palaces. This happened often in West Germany. The massive real estate speculation of the 1960s to the 1970s, which led to squatting and civil protests, partially destroyed buildings of Art Nouveau and historicist, demolished and replaced by buildings made of steel, concrete and glass were – partially successful, often with dubious architecture.

Because there were aesthetic as socio-political criticism, which partially often concerned the exorbitant increases, irretrievably destroyed heritage. A consciousness shift occurred in the few years between about 1970 and 1980, who understood the significance of historic buildings, and called for their protection. Already in the 1970s, the public monuments in West Germany experienced an enormous upswing, while in East Germany, which slipped into a deep economic recession, the old building substance rapidly fell into disrepair. In the Federal Republic, issued and renewed the Federal States conservation laws, for which there are often precursors of the German statelets of the 19th century. Created German Lander authorities for monument protection from the 1970s onwards, were scientifically trained curator of monuments (mostly art historian and architect) and professionalisierten the monument protection in the new Country offices.

The GDR not passed by the internationally renowned development and issued a separate monument protection law, that, however, made conditional on the receipt of a monument of its significance for the Socialist consciousness in 1975. After all, there was a VEB (Volkseigener operating) historic preservation as well as a central institution for this area. As a centralized State, which limited most liked allow private property (the 1970s were characterized by the expropriation of medium-sized entrepreneurs in the GDR), the East German Communists and their bureaucracy tried to get the monuments in State funds. It did so for purely financial reasons hardly, tragedies played out there. Success story was reorganized the preservation after German reunification in 1990 in East Germany by German legislation, which faced the monument authorities of a material and technical disaster. On the one hand, there was still stock that had fallen in West Germany after the war of speculation to the victim, on the other hand, it took extraordinary financial efforts to repair this stock which was in incredibly poor condition. These efforts go, the inner cities of Gorlitz as Stralsund, Dresden as Weimar testify. The success of funding and donations contributed to, which mainly flowed monument by the Bonner Foundation to East Germany. In the new millennium, Germany proudly overlooks a million buildings (including monuments) with the officially recognized status as a legitimate object. The process goes on, never stops monument.